James Madison Facts - 4th President of USA

Read these James Madison facts. James Madison was born on March 16, 1751, in the city of Port Conway in Virginia.

James Madison Facts & Biography

He was the oldest out of seven children to grow to maturity. His father was a planter who inherited an estate located in Orange County, Virginia when he reached his maturity. Later Madison's father also acquired more land, making him the largest landowner in Orange County as well as a leading citizen.

When James was young, he studied geography, math, and modern and ancient languages. When he was sixteen years old, James began studying under Reverend Thomas Martin. Martin was a tutor for Madison at Montpelier in order to prepare him for college. He became a student at the College of New Jersey, which is now Princeton University.

Even though Madison had delicate health, he was a diligent student and studied hard, and this allowed him to graduate in only two years.

James Madison

James Madison Marriage

James Madison was married to Dolley Madison, who was a widow with one son, John Payne Todd. Dolley was a Quaker, and upon her marriage to Madison, she was expelled from the Quaker Society of Friends.

James Madison Primary Author Of the Constitution 

James Madison was an American politician as well as a political philosopher. He was the fourth president of the United States of America. Also, he is known as one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He was the primary author of the Constitution.

James Madison Writer

Madison was also the writer of more than one-third of the Federalist Papers, which were the most influential of comments regarding the Constitution. He was the first president of the United States to have been a member of the United States Congress.

He was also the responsible party for the primary ten amendments to the Constitution, and therefore Madison is also referred to as the "Father of the Bill of Rights." James Madison had a strong belief in the system of checks and balances so that the new republic could protect itself from tyranny.

While Madison was a leader in the United States House of Representatives, he worked with President George Washington in order to organize the national government.

President James Madison

James Madison Facts - Thomas Jefferson and James Madison together organized the Republican Party, and they opposed the policies of the Federalist Party, particularly the Jay Treaty and the national bank. He was also a secret co-author of the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions in 1798 in order to protest the Alien and Sedition Acts.

Madison was the Secretary of State for Thomas Jefferson. One of his roles in this position was to supervise the Lousiana Purchase, which doubled the size of the country.

He also was the sponsor of the unsuccessful Embargo Act of 1807. When he was president, he brought the country into the War of 1812 that was against Great Britain. Before the war and following the war, James Madison changed many of his positions, including how he now supported creating the second National Bank.

He also wanted a high tariff in order to protect new factories that started during the war and a strong military to protect the nation.

Read more James Madison Facts

NICKNAME: Father of the Constitution

BIRTH: James Madison was born on March 16, 1751 in Port Conway, Virginia

MOTHER: Eleanor "Nelly" Rose Conway

FATHER: James Madison

SISTERS: Nelly, Sarah, Elizabeth, and Frances

BROTHERS: Francis and Ambrose

MARRIAGE: Dorothea Payne September 15, 1794 in Harewood, Va.


HOME: Montpelier, Va.

EDUCATION: College of New Jersey (now Princeton), 1772

RELIGION: Episcopalian


MILITARY SERVICE: Colonel, Virginia militia (1775-1776)


Member of the Virginia Constitutional Convention
Member of the Continental Congress (1780-1783)
Member of the Virginia Legislature (1784-1786)
Member of the Constitutional Convention (1787)
Us Representative (1789-1797)
US Secretary Of State 1801-1809)
US President, two terms

POLITICAL PARTY: Democratic-Republican

March 4, 1809, at the House Of Representative,
Washington D.C.at the age of 57
James Madison - First and Second Term Inaugural Address

James Madison Administration

PRESIDENCY - Two Terms (March 4, 1809-March 4,1817)

VICE PRESIDENT - First Term: George Clinton, Second Term: Elbridge Gerry

FIRST LADY - Dolley Madison

SUPREME COURT APPOINTMENTS - William Johnson (1804), Henry Brockholdt Livingston , (1807), Thomas Todd (1807)


James Madison Cabinet

  1. Robert Smith (1809-1811)
  2. James Monroe (1811-1817)
  1. Albert Gallatin (1809-1814)
  2. George W. Campbell (1814, February-October)
  3. Alexander Dallas (1814-1816)
  4. William H. Crawford (1816-1819)
  1. William Eustis (1809-1812)
  2. John Armstrong (1813-1814)
  3. James Monroe (1814-1815)
  4. William H. Crawford (1815-1816)
  1. Caesar A. Rodney (1809-1811)
  2. William Pinckney (1811-1814)
  3. Richard Rush (1814-1817)
  1. Paul Hamilton (1809-1812)
  2. William Jones (1813-1814)
  3. Benjamin Crowninshield (1815-1817)
  1. Gideon Granger
  2. Return- Jonathan Miegs, Jr. (1814)
POST PRESIDENCY LIFE - Rector, University of Virginia; Delegate to state constitutional convention

DEATH - June 28, 1836, at the age of 85

BURIED - Montpelier, Va.

LANDMARKS - Montpelier, Orange County Va. (homestead and grave), The Octagon, Washington, D.C. (temporary executive home after the destruction of the White House)

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